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Discover the world's scientific knowledge about Myofunctional Therapy
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What is Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy (OMT)?

Myofunctional Therapy is the "neuromuscular re-education or re-patterning of the oral and facial muscles" that helps treat orofacial myofunctional disorders (OMDs). These dysfunctions may be termed, “Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders” (OMDs), “Soft Tissue Dysfunction”, “Tongue-Thrust Swallow”, “Infantile Swallow” or “Reverse Swallow”. 

It’s the treatment of over 100 different interconnected muscles involved in the cranio-facial-respiratory complex. It involves targeted face, lip, tongue, jaw, postural, and breathing exercises as well as other therapeutic activities. 

What are the goals of OMT?
The broad goals of OMT are to:
▪︎ Modify behaviors
▪︎ Eliminate noxious oral habits
▪︎ Strengthen tongue
▪︎ Oropharynx and lip musculature
▪︎ Correct tongue posture
▪︎ Decrease muscular tension
▪︎ Establish bilateral chewing and correct drinking
▪︎ Posterior teeth together swallow
▪︎ Harmonious peri-oral muscle pattern
▪︎ Lip seal and nasal breathing patterns.

This therapy includes facial and tongue exercises and behavior modification techniques to promote:

4 GOALS of
Myofunctional Therapy


Nasal Breathing


Proper Tongue Rest Posture
(on the roof of the mouth)


Lip Seal


Correct Swallowing Patterns


MFT UK therapy goals free printable download to use as  Flashcard/Pair Games/ Placemat

Myofunctional Therapy





Treatment usually consists of a regular program of exercises over a 4-12 month period, although length of treatment may vary.
Our OMT treatment for adults is provided in four stages of therapy, with each stage requiring approximately 2-3 months to complete.

The stages of therapy are:
1-Intensive/habit elimination phase (weekly sessions), 2-Function repatterning phase (fortnightly sessions), 3-3-Orofacial systems synchronisation phase (sessions every three weeks)
4- habituation phase (monthly sessions).

Sessions are 20-25 minutes in length and your daily input at home is 5-7 minutes three times a day.

Myofunctional Therapy UK will assist you in achieving goals, with a blend of therapies that in addition to OMT incorporate:
-Breathing re-education
-Sensory integration
-Cranio-Sacral Therapy
-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
-Trigger Point Therapy
-TMJ therapy


How long does orofacial Myofunctional therapy take?

What age is Myofunctional Therapy for?

Orofacial Myofuctional Disorders (OMDs) can occur across the lifespan, affect people of all ages, and can be found in infants, children, adolescents, and adults.
The treatment of OMDs varies based on the age and/or the cognitive ability of the patient.

While myofunctional therapy works better for children because their bones are rapidly growing, this treatment is still incredibly beneficial for adults too.

Your body is always changing, and the jawbone is one of the most dynamic bones in the body.

Myofunctional therapy keeps everything working properly and prevents functional problems from occurring in the jaw.

Delaying treatment has serious consequences. Early Prevention and intervention bring vital rewards and save money for families.

Orofacial Myofunctional disorders (OMDs) are incorrect muscle use and functions of the face and mouth - is when there is an abnormal mouth breathing, lip, jaw, or tongue position during rest, swallowing or speech.

OMDs may affect (directly and/or indirectly):

⚑ Facial skeletal growth and development
⚑ Chewing
⚑ Swallowing
⚑ Speech
⚑ Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) movement
⚑ Oral hygiene
⚑ Stability of orthodontic treatment
⚑ Facial aesthetics and more...

What are Orofacial Myofuctional Disorders?

Myofunctional Therapy decreases apnea-hypopnea index by approximately 50% in adults and 62% in children. Lowest oxygen saturations, snoring, and sleepiness outcomes improve in adults. 

PubMed Central: Myofunctional Therapy to Treat Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systemic Review and Meta-analysis.

PMID: 25348130

PubMed Central: Myofunctional Therapy to Treat Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systemic Review and Meta-analysis.  PMID: 25348130

Who might need Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy?
Checklist for Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders:

Children and Adults with OMD's may have some of the following associated symptoms:

✓   Speech sound errors or distortions. Lisp at times when pronouncing ‘S’ sounds


   Tongue rest against your teeth

   Chewing your food with your mouth open

   Often mouth breath or your mouth sit open when relaxed

   Misalignment of teeth  

   Teeth moved after orthodontia

   High vaulted-shape of the hard palate

   Trouble breathing through the nose

   Open mouth breathing (day or night)

   Snoring or other sleep disorders


   Digestive problems such as reflux or stomach pain (may be caused by poor chewing and swallowing patterns) 

   Bloating after eating

   TMJ (temporomandibular joint) Dysfunction or jaw popping, clicking, or pain

   Frequent Headaches  - "Migraines"

   Neck pain, Stiffness

   Facial pain

   Ear ache, Tinnitus, Vertigo

   Clenching or grinding of teeth (day or night)

   Long Face syndrome, Imbalanced facial features, asymmetry of facial features

   Forward posture of head/neck

   Habits, including sucking of fingers, thumb, tongue, or cheek, prolonged use of a pacifier, chewing​ on clothing, excessive lip biting or licking, cheek biting, nail biting, chewing pens/pencils

   Tongue thrust while swallowing (tongue come forward when you swallow)

   Other chewing/swallowing problems

Tongue Range of Motion

If any of the above sounds familiar, then do get in touch for a consultation.

Understanding the causes

The human body is a complex organism made up of many overlapping systems. When one of those systems has a glitch, pain and abnormalities can affect other bodily systems and make life more of a challenge. 

What Causes Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders?

An amazing video explaining on patients develop crooked teeth, tongue thrust, and Temporomandibular disorder and how this can be prevented and treated.

Often mouth breathing is not evaluated and this video illustrates the importance of nasal breathing, proper tongue position, lip seal and swallowing - the main 4 Goals of Myofunctional Therapy .

Difference between mouth breathing and nose breathing. Scientific reaseach has shown the mouth breathing (abnormal oral posture) can affect the normal development of the child's face. Mouth breathing results in a narrow maxilla, high-arched palate, and increased lower facial height and facial esthetics. This craniofacial pattern has been termed the “long-face syndrome”

How does Mouth Breathing Affect Childhood Development?

Craniofacial development is largest within the first 4 years of life with 90% of development complete by 12 years of age. This proper formation is the beginning of healthy craniofacial development that can support lifelong nasal breathing. Improperly formed craniofacial features can be a strong indicator of risk for the development of obstructive sleep apnea. The principal nongenetic determinant of maxillary growth is the route of breathing — nasal versus mouth breathing. Mouth breathing results in a narrow maxilla, high-arched palate, and increased lower facial height and facial esthetics. This craniofacial pattern has been termed the “long-face syndrome” and is associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) - a serious, debilitating, and potentially life-threatening sleep disorder, according to the National Sleep Foundation. Sleep apnea symptoms include mouth breathing at night among other symptoms such as snoring, pauses in breaths while sleeping, difficulty getting up, behavior problems, and tiredness during the day.

Mouth breathing harms a child’s physical development.
As time passes, mouth breathing shifts your child’s facial structures, potentially leading to:

  • Crooked teeth and overcrowding

  • Uneven face and jaw symmetry

  • Noticeable deformities

  • Overly visible gums

  • A narrow mouth

  • Persistent pain

Mouth breathing harms a child’s mental development.
When your child can’t breathe properly, their brain can’t function properly either. The result is:

  • Difficulties with concentration and problem solving

  • Development of sleep disorders like insomnia

  • Disrupted emotional and social development

  • Misdiagnosis of issues like ADD and ADHD

  • Slower cognitive development

  • Poor performance at school

My     functional Therapy UK

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At Myofunctional Therapy UK, we combine a range of Dental and Therapy Treatments in our Programs

We are the only one in Europe to blend:

Myofunctional therapy UK services (1).png

For Infants

     from Birth up to 2 years old

For Children

     from 2 years up to 18 years old

For Adults

 from 18 years to 70+ 


Special Needs

 All Ages 


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